in the pantheon, a goddess was not a woman

In ancient Greece, among the various functions performed by women: directing a choir, trading, deciding or advising hatch plots, making war.

In the performance of choral music, the enunciative position was ambivalent: it combines the adult male author – a poet – and the chorus girls, into “a voice of authority” since the choruses bear the sung action at the first person.

the same uncertainty reigned in the pantheon: A goddess was not a woman.

the gods were not people, but above all “powers” that could occasionally take human form but the divine status outweighed the gender

On Mount Olympus, the complicity between men and women prevailed over gender differences.

goddesses even went to war: Hera, the divine wife, who was closely linked to marriage and possessed the “supreme beauty” did not hesitate, in the Iliad, to take the appearance of the Achaean warrior Stentor to push a terrible battle cry and foster the war action in the plain of Troy

women made for children to war. they exhorted, as Gorgon, daughter, wife and mother of the king of Sparta, to return “with or on their shields,” that is to say, alive and victorious or dead, arms in hand


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